Researchers have established a wise insulin patch that could improve diabetes care. The skin patch, a thin square no bigger than a little coin, would likewise eliminate unpleasant injections.
Virtually 400 million people all over the world live with diabetes.
Some need insulin injections occasionally lots of times a day – because their bodies produce little or no insulin, a hormone thats needed to control the levels of sugar in the body.
Without the shots, people with so-called Type 1 diabetes would pass away.
However the injections may sooner or later be replaced by a thin smart skin patch, covered with more than a hundred tiny pain-free needles. The needles have storage devices packed with insulin.
Zhen Gu, a teacher of Biomedical Engineering at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hillside, states the skin patch can be programmed to instantly pick up the amount of glucose in the blood and – if blood sugar levels get too high – launch an exact dosage of insulin through the microneedles, each about the size of an eyelash.
Its a so-called closed-loop system. That means theres a feedback loop that detects sugar levels and provides insulin automatically. Such a system has long been the supreme goal of diabetes scientists attemptingaiming to remove human error in the management of the disease.
Gu says the skin patch minimizes the risk of taking too much insulin.
Sometimes, if you take too much insulin, it can trigger hypoglycemia, which is sometimes even fatal, he stated. So, thats why we attempt to establish a closed loop-based system which can simulate the function of the pancreas
The pancreas is the organ that produces and secretes insulin.
In healthy individuals, the pancreas is extremely sensitiveconscious blood glucose levels, regulating them with precise dosages of insulin.
But individuals with Type 1 diabetes need to test their blood regularly, to try to determine exactly just how much insulin they requirehave to take.
Some clients with more common Type 2 diabetes also have problem regulating their blood sugar level levels with diet and exercise, and have to offer themselves insulin shots.
After numerous years of fluctuating blood sugar level levels, lots of diabetics establish extreme complications, consisting of loss of sight, limb amputations and kidney failure.