The annual congress of the Mexican Society of Cardiology is being held in Acapulco from 21 to 25 November 2015. Specialists from the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) will provide a special programme.
Heart failure is a life threatening condition where the heart is not able to pump adequate blood to satisfy the requirements of the body. The normal symptoms are breathlessness, inflamed limbs and fatigue.
In Mexico there are 750 000 patients coping with cardiac arrest and the problem is growing. It is approximated that 75 000 more patients will get heart failure each year.
Simply 25 % of males and 38 % of ladies with cardiac arrest in Mexico will be alive after 5 years, stated Dr Arturo Orea, research study author and cardiology service coordinator at the National Institute of Breathing Disease (Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias Ismael Cos o Villegas) in Mexico City. Medication can enhance the result of cardiac arrest, however for many clients the future is still not really bright.
Dr Oreas previous research reveals that 40 % of patients with cardiac arrest in Mexico have diabetes, 41 % have high cholesterol, 57 % have high triglycerides, one-quarter are overweight, 55 % have high blood pressure, 31 % smoke and less than 1 % are physically active.
Regular aerobic workout is recommended for clients with heart failure to enhance symptoms and the capability to do day-to-day activities. But more evidence is needed on the advantages of a healthy diet plan. There are no specific guidelines on just how much carbohydrate, fat and protein patients with heart failure must consume, said Dr Orea. Sodium and fluid limitation are advised however there are no standards on other minerals.
Dr Oreas group has examined the impact of diet plan and exercise in clients with heart failure. A research study provided for the very first time at the Mexican Congress of Cardiology discovered that after simply 4 months, 84 clients who ate a low carb diet plan (40-50 % carbs, 30-40 % protein and 20 % fat) and did aerobic and resistance workout had minimized high blood pressure and overall body water compared to a control group of 38 clients.
These outcomes suggest that a low carbohydrate diet plan and workout are useful for clients with heart failure, said Dr Orea. This could be because the respiratory coefficient of carbs is greater than fat and proteins which indicatesmeanings that they require more oxygen and respiratory effort to metabolise. In addition, a higher consumption of unsaturated fat might improve the stability and function of cells. Workout enhances endothelial function (enhancing vessel size and blood flow), so there is better shipment of nutrients and oxygen to the cells plus elimination of waste.
In another research study, the researchers evaluated the effect of sodium, potassium and magnesium intake on hospitalisation and death in 129 clients with heart failure over two years.6 Sodium consumption was lower in clients who died (837 mg/day versus 1 749 mg/day, p = 0.03). Clients who took in less than 200 mg/day of magnesium had a nearly three times higher threat of hospitalisation or death.
Dr Orea stated: Patients with heart failure need to guarantee that they get enough magnesium in their diet by eating dark leafy greens, nuts, fish, whole grains and bananas. Our finding of a lower salt consumption in clients who died may be described by the truth that when salt intake decrease is extreme, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is more active, which can enhance high blood pressure.
Dr Marco A. Pe a Duque, president of the Mexican Society of Cardiology, stated: About 20 to 25 years ago the leading cause of heart failure in Mexico was rheumatic heart diseasecardiovascular disease and at present the primary cause is ischaemic heart illnessheart problem. We need to even more examine different treatments to attemptattempt to reduce mortality from heart failure.
Teacher Stephan Achenbach, ESC vice president for Global Affairs and Communications, enthusiastically supported the research study performed by Dr Orea and his group: Cardiac arrest is a growing epidemic throughout the world and clearly, medication alone is not a sufficient strategy. Lifestyle modification have to be a central part of management in cardiac arrest clients, not only for treatment but also for prevention. This research study helps us understand the results even better.
Living much better with cardiac arrest by changing exactly what you eat